Advanced system for calculating exchanges


Advanced System for Calculating Exchanges

A practical, though not
scientifically exact way to estimate the portion of
ISOMALT and other sugar replacers that affects
their blood glucose levels is to apply one rule to all sugar replacers. The recommended
rule is Divide grams of
ISOMALT or of other sugar-replacer carbohydrate by two.

The divide-by-two rule is
primarily based on
ISOMALT‘s lower caloric value that results from
incomplete digestion. The rule’s rationale does not also take into consideration
ISOMALT‘s slower absorption, which further
reduces glycemic response.

How to Use ISOMALT Grams and Total Carbohydrate Grams
 as Shown on Nutrition Facts
Panels

ISOMALT and other sugar replacers must be
included in total carbohydrate intake assessments. The problem is that, using traditional
exchange charts, grams of Total Carbohydrate shown on in the Nutrition Facts panel of
products that contain
ISOMALT translates into an
incorrect number of
exchanges.

The chart below
shows how to use carbohydrate gram information
 as shown on food packages.

  • Column A is used for simple foods
    that contain only sugar replacer-carbohydrate. No division or subtraction is needed. The
    numbers in Column A apply directly to the grams of Total Carbohydrate shown in the
    Nutrition Facts panel.
  • Column B is used for foods that

    contain both sugar replacers and other carbohydrate.

    The numbers in Column B are the result of the rule:
  • Divide sugar replacer grams by
    two.

  • Subtract that amount from Total Carbohydrate grams.

  • Use the resultant number for exchange calculations.
 

COLUMN A

Use this
column for foods that

only contain
sugar-replacer carbohydrate.

 

For
Exchange Calculations,
count one product serving as:

COLUMN B

Use this column for foods that
contain both
sugar replacer-carbohydrate and
other digestible carbohydrate

 
 

Isomalt Grams or
Sugar Replacers Grams 
(Sugar Alcohols Grams)
as shown on Nutrition Facts Panel

Total Carbohydrate Grams
as shown on Nutrition Facts Panel
minus Sugar Replacer Grams
as shown on Nutrition Facts Panel
divided by two.

 
 

0
– 10

A
Free Food.

0
– 5

 
 

11
– 20

½
carbohydrate serving or
½ starch, fruit or milk serving.

6
– 10

 
 

21
– 40

1
carbohydrate serving or
1 starch, fruit or milk serving.

11
– 20

 
 

41
– 50

1
½ carbohydrate servings or
1 ½ starch, fruit or milk servings.

21
– 25

 
 

51
– 70

2
carbohydrate servings or
2 starch, fruit or milk servings.

26
– 35

 

 

  How
to Apply Information in the Chart above to the Labels in the preceding section.

 
 

ISOMALT
is the only sugar replacer.
ISOMALT replaces all sugar
in the product.

 

Two sugar replacers are
shown as Sugar Alcohols.
Product also contains
other carbohydrate.

 

No Sugar Added.
Product contains both ingredient sugars
and ISOMALT.

 
  Nutrition Facts   Nutrition Facts   Nutrition Facts  
  Serving Size: 3
pieces (18 g)

Servings per Container: About 6
  Serving Size: 12
pieces (47 g)

Servings per Container: About 4
  Serving Size: 4
pieces (35 g)

Servings per Container: About 2
 
  Amount per serving
Calories 36
  Amount per serving
Calories 130
  Amount per serving
Calories 160
 
  Total Fat 0 g   Total Fat 0 g   Total Fat 10 g  
  Sodium 0 mg   Sodium 0 mg   Sodium 45 mg  
  Total Carbohydrate 18 g   Total Carbohydrate 47 g   Total Carbohydrate 20 g  
      Isomalt 18 g       Sugar
Alcohols 30 g
      Sugars 6 g  
  Protein 0 g   Protein 0 g       Isomalt 14 g  
          Protein 5 g  
 
Ingredients:
Isomalt, Malic Acid, Artificial Flavors, Aspartame, Red No. 40, Blue No. 1
 

Ingredients:
Isomalt, Cornstarch, Maltitol, Water, Natural & Artificial flavors,
Citric acid, Acesulfame Potassium

 
Ingredients:
Isomalt, Whole milk powder, Cocoa butter, Chocolate, Soya Lecithin(an
emulsifier), Aspartame
 
             
  Left
Label:

No arithmetic is needed because all the carbohydrate is from ISOMALT.

Read down Column A of the chart and find the range that includes 18
grams.

One serving of this product counts as ½ carbohydrate serving or ½ starch, fruit or milk
serving.

  Middle
Label:
This product contains both sugar-replacer carbohydrate and fully
digestible carbohydrate.
Arithmetic is required.

  • Divide 30 sugar replacer grams by two. The result is 15
    grams.
  • Subtract 15 from 47 (Total Carbohydrates grams)
  • Therefore, carbohydrate for exchange calculations is 32
    grams.

Find the Column B range that includes
32. One serving of this product counts as 2 carbohydrate servings or 2 starch, fruit or
milk servings.

  Right
Label:
This product is handled similarly to the middle label.

  • Divide the 14 grams of ISOMALT by two.
  • Subtract 7 from 20 (Total Carbohydrate grams).
  • Therefore, carbohydrate for exchange calculations is 13
    grams.

    Find the Column B range that includes 13. One serving of this product
    counts as 1 carbohydrate serving or 1 starch, fruit or milk serving

 

 

Click For a summary of
research related to

ISOMALT and diabetes.
Click For “How to Use
Label Information”

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